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Nondaily Cigarette Use Increasing Among Individuals With Mental Health, Substance Use Disorders

Future public health interventions developed for cigarette use must accommodate individuals with mental health and substance use disorders.

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Cesarean Delivery, Early Childhood Antibiotic Use Not Associated With Risk for ADHD

This research rejects any association between increased risk for ADHD and changes in children’s microbiota related to cesarean delivery or antibiotic use.

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Uncertainty as a Form of Violence: Current Immigration Policy and Crisis

Uncertainty can be a form of violence, particularly when it is related to immigration status and constantly changing immigration policies.

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Is Mandatory Reporting of Child Maltreatment in the Best Interests of the Child?

The complexities and ambiguities associated with reporting suspected cases of child abuse can contribute to confusion and the potential for harm.

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Text Message Reminders Improve Medication Adherence in Bipolar I Disorder

Researchers emphasize the cost-effectiveness of text message reminders in prompting individuals with bipolar I disorder to adhere to medication treatments.

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Improving Medication Adherence in ADHD Lowers Risk for Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder in Adulthood

Researchers found that children who were compliant with drug therapy had a significantly lower risk for oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder than those who were noncompliant.

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High Suicidality Among Children With ADHD Mediated by Family Functioning, Psychiatry Comorbidities

Clinicians may find these data useful in considering the mediating effects of family function and psychiatric comorbidities among patients with ADHD.

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Pilot Study Investigates Lithium vs Quetiapine for Bipolar Spectrum Disorder

This pilot study demonstrates the potential efficacy and safety of lithium as a treatment option for bipolar disorder.

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How Personalized Hospital Ratings May Drive Patient-Specific Care in the Digital Age

A flexible overall performance score that can be modified in real time by users may be the most optimal method for generating relevant reviews for specific patient interests.

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Antidepressant Effects of Ketamine Appear to Require Opioid System Activation

Researchers conducted a double-blind crossover study in adults with treatment-resistant depression to determine the involvement of the opioid system in ketamine’s antidepressant effects.

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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Increasing Among US Children and Adolescents

This increase may be the result of expanded continuing medical education regarding ADHD that has raised physician awareness, as well as modifications in diagnostic criteria.

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Cost-Effective Telehealth Alternatives for Veterans With Depression

Researchers working with a population of veterans found that the healthcare utilization costs of telehealth services were significantly cheaper compared with in-person visits, with only a relatively small difference in quality of life.

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Polygenic Risk Scores Could Aid in Identifying Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia

While polygenic risk scores are not yet ready for clinical use, researchers found that patients with psychosis had significant increases in schizophrenia and bipolar polygenic risk scores.

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Autism Spectrum Disorders Associated With Depression in Young Adults

Investigators examined whether individuals with ASD were more likely to be diagnosed with depression in adulthood.

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Gestational Diabetes Associated With Increased Risk for Postpartum Depression

These findings suggest an increased risk for postpartum depressive symptoms in mothers with gestational diabetes, independent of depressive symptomatology during pregnancy.

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Combination Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With Fluoxetine Effective for Adolescent Depression

These data suggest that combination therapy not only produces greater proportional response in depression symptoms it is also effective in a broader range of individuals.

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Smartphone-Based Psychoeducational Programs May Be Effective for Bipolar Disorder Management

These data support the efficacy of smartphone-based educational programs in the management of bipolar disorder. Such programs could serve as a cost-effective and accessible method of treatment delivery to patients.

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